Maryland State

# Defintion

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MSA Performance Level Standards for Mathematics Grade 8
Basic
What basic students likely can do:
• determine the nth term in recursive arithmetic sequences
• identify data organized in a variety of data displays
• determine length using a scale drawing
What basic students likely cannot do:
• identify linear functions given a graph
• write and simplify expressions, write and solve equations, and solve inequalities
• identify properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal
• apply the Pythagorean Theorem
• determine square root of whole numbers
• apply a variety of percents in context
• communicate a partially developed understanding of problem solving using a strategy with little or no support
Proficient
What proficient students likely can do that basic students likely cannot do:
• identify linear functions given a graph
• write and simplify expressions, write and solve equations, and solve inequalities
• identify properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal
• apply the Pythagorean Theorem
• determine square root of whole numbers
• apply a variety of percents in context
• communicate a partially developed understanding of problem solving using a strategy with little or no support
What proficient students likely cannot do:
• determine the nth term in recursive geometric sequences
• determine circumference of a circle
• organize and display data in a variety of data displays
• analyze results of simulations
• represent rational numbers in scientific notation
• use proportional reasoning to solve problems
• communicate a comprehensive understanding of problem solving using a strategy with supporting connections
What advanced students likely can do that proficient students likely cannot do:
• determine the nth term in recursive geometric sequences
• determine circumference of a circle
• organize and display data in a variety of data displays
• analyze results of simulations
• represent rational numbers in scientific notation
• use proportional reasoning to solve problems
• communicate a comprehensive understanding of problem solving using a strategy with supporting connections

Performance Level Standards

Standards are measures of performance against which yearly results are compared. Standards help to examine critical aspects of instructional programs; help to ensure that all students receive quality instruction; hold educators accountable for quality instruction; and help to guide efforts toward school improvement.

Maryland School Performance Program (MSPP) performance standards were determined through deliberative processes by educators with involvement of critical stakeholders such as the legislators and members of the business community. The State Board of Education adopted all standards.

The purpose of the MSPP standards is to:

• provide statewide equity and quality assurance in terms of student outcomes;
• establish a mechanism for instructional accountability useful to schools, school systems, and the state;
• stimulate self-examination and appropriate action by local district staff and the Maryland State Department of Education; and
• set improvement expectations that guide school and school system objectives, decision, and efforts.

Maryland standards are divided into three levels of achievement:

• Advanced is a highly challenging and exemplary level of achievement indicating outstanding accomplishment in meeting the needs of students.
• Proficient is a realistic and rigorous level of achievement indicating proficiency in meeting the needs of students.
• Basic is a level of achievement indicating that more work is needed to attain proficiency in meeting the needs of students.

MSA Performance Level Descriptors