Maryland State

# Defintion

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MSA Performance Level Standards for Mathematics Grade 4
Basic
What basic students likely can do:
• find the unknown factor in an equation
• find perimeter
• write simple fractions and decimals
• multiply whole numbers
What basic students likely cannot do:
• generalize a non-numeric pattern rule
• write simple expressions using whole numbers
• describe probability as a fraction
• divide whole numbers
• subtract decimals
• estimate to find the sum
• communicate a partially developed understanding of problem solving using a strategy with little or no support
Proficient
What proficient students likely can do that basic students likely cannot do:
• generalize a non-numeric pattern rule
• write simple expressions using whole numbers
• describe probability as a fraction
• divide whole numbers
• subtract decimals
• estimate to find the sum
• communicate a partially developed understanding of problem solving using a strategy with little or no support
What proficient students likely cannot do:
• represent simple fractions on a number line
• measure to the nearest quarter inch
• convert inches to feet or yards
• make a line plot
• analyze data to find range and median
• communicate a comprehensive understanding of problem solving using a strategy with supporting connections
What advanced students likely can do that proficient students likely cannot do:
• represent simple fractions on a number line
• measure to the nearest quarter inch
• convert inches to feet or yards
• make a line plot
• analyze data to find range and median
• communicate a comprehensive understanding of problem solving using a strategy with supporting connections

Performance Level Standards

Standards are measures of performance against which yearly results are compared. Standards help to examine critical aspects of instructional programs; help to ensure that all students receive quality instruction; hold educators accountable for quality instruction; and help to guide efforts toward school improvement.

Maryland School Performance Program (MSPP) performance standards were determined through deliberative processes by educators with involvement of critical stakeholders such as the legislators and members of the business community. The State Board of Education adopted all standards.

The purpose of the MSPP standards is to:

• provide statewide equity and quality assurance in terms of student outcomes;
• establish a mechanism for instructional accountability useful to schools, school systems, and the state;
• stimulate self-examination and appropriate action by local district staff and the Maryland State Department of Education; and
• set improvement expectations that guide school and school system objectives, decision, and efforts.

Maryland standards are divided into three levels of achievement:

• Advanced is a highly challenging and exemplary level of achievement indicating outstanding accomplishment in meeting the needs of students.
• Proficient is a realistic and rigorous level of achievement indicating proficiency in meeting the needs of students.
• Basic is a level of achievement indicating that more work is needed to attain proficiency in meeting the needs of students.

MSA Performance Level Descriptors