Wealth, Expenditures, Staffing, Length of Year



Per Pupil Wealth

Taxable Wealth in relation to the September 30 enrollment of a school district.

Wealth is defined in The Code of Maryland Regulations COMAR Section 5-202 as the sum of a county's net taxable income, the assessed value of real property, and fifty percent of the assessed value of personal property. The denominator is the September 30 equated enrollment.

Reported since November 1990: System and State levels.

Per Pupil Expenditures

Funds spent on public education in relation to the number of students enrolled in school.

An expenditure is defined as money spent on:

  • Administration
  • Instruction
  • Special Education
  • Student Personnel Services
  • Student Transportation
  • Health Services
  • Operations of Physical Plant
  • Maintenance of Physical Plant
  • Fixed Charges (including the state’s share of teachers’ retirement and social security)

Expenditures for equipment, transfers, and adult education are excluded. Data are based on the previous year’s financial information included in the Annual Financial Report. The denominator is the September 30 equated enrollment.

Reported since November 1990: System and State levels.

Per Pupil Staffing
  1. Instructional Staff per 1,000 pupils.
  2. Professional Support Staff per 1,000 pupils.
  3. Instructional Assistants per 1,000 pupils.

All staff are reported in terms of full-time equivalent (FTE) positions. That is, the time required to perform a part-time assignment divided by the time required in a corresponding full-time position.

  1. Instructional Staff perform professional activities related to teaching students either in a classroom setting or other location. Included are classroom, resource, home and hospital teachers.
     
  2. Professional Support Staff provide auxiliary services to students or to the instructional program at the school level. Included are media specialists, guidance counselors, school psychologists, therapists, principals, assistant principals, and administrative assistants.
     
  3. Instructional Assistants assist a teacher with routine activities such as monitoring students, conducting rote exercises, operating equipment, and performing clerical duties. Included are regular program, special education, Title I, and library assistants.
     

The denominator for each category of staff is the September 30 equated enrollment. Half-day pre-kindergarten and kindergarten students are counted as 0.5 in the total enrollment count.

Reported since November 1990: System and State levels.

Length of School Day for Pupils

Average amount of time students were expected to be in attendance during a school day.

The length of the school day is defined as the amount of time to the nearest quarter hour between the first and final bell during a full school day for students.

Reported since November 1990: System and State levels.

Length of School Year for Pupils

The length of the September to June school year is defined as the number of days schools were open and students were expected to attend. Days when the schools were open for staff, but not expecting students, are excluded.

Reported since November 1990: System and State levels.

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